With the use of altered graphite a research conducted by Kaunas University of Technology (KTU), Lithuania on enhancing the efficiency of microbial fuel cells also known as (MFC). The result obtained, displayed the new2 MFC can generate 20 percent higher voltage than usual cells.
Acknowledging the data then over the past 20 years, nearly around three-fourths emission caused by humans is released from burning of fossil fuel. Encouragement for searching for new and sustainable alternative energy resource by researchers is just because of increasing pollution and decreasing fossil energy resources.
The only technology in, which the electricity developed from oxidation of organic compounds in room temperatures, is a way for producing of microbial fuel. The need to burn anything will be reduced and there is no dependence on sunlight further according to Dr Kristina Kantmnien, researcher at KTU Faculty of Chemical Technology.
The efficiency of the research is continuously evolving from 1911 to 2000s with detailed investigation by group of researchers all around the world. The qualities and biocompatibility is been tested by the KTU researchers because of large dependency of microbial fuel cells efficiency. Use of modified graphite felt as an anode by researchers with the development of MFC prototype where they followed the framework of interdisciplinary research project along with use of innovative microbial fuel for sustainable development of bioelectricity.
With the modification of anode allowance for increase in the cell voltage is by 20 percent higher than that of the control MFC with usual anode. Other sources of renewable energy cannot replace MFC technology as it could be beneficial in the small wastewater treatment plants or in remote regions where electrical energy supply is limited.