Introduction – Every day a new study and topic is being researched by the students, professors and scientists. If you are studying something and then coming with a question is actually assign of concentration and connectivity to that thing. Researchers came with a new study which has unwound the mystery and exposed the undiscovered reprogramming mechanism that permits plants to regulate fitness down generations.
Discovery – The discovery was made by the researcher who was studying germ cells with a specification i.e. cells with specialized for sexual reproduction in flowering plants. Researchers described germ cells as “immortals” because they can pass their genetic material through the generations, a subject of much scientific auditing. The main aims of this study is to solve a long term debate on whether the germ cells in plants undergo an event of DNA methylation reprogramming at each reproductive cycle.
Process – They described this process as a modification of DNA which changes the activity of DNA without changing the genetic order. Its is termed as corner stone epigenetics considered as one of the fastest growing fields in life sciences with the ability and potential to deliver improvements in human and plant health. They also described that the reprogramming is normally known to be exist in animals. The occurrence is most dramatically in germ cells and continuously regulates the reproductive success from generation to generation.
The researchers were working in collaboration with university students and researchers of other university in order to reveal for the first time the existence of DNA methylation changes in the germiline of flowering plants. Furthermore they exposed the mechanism through which this reprogramming occurs through a process called as de novo (anew) and its biological importance in maintaining reproductive success.
The process is extensive and significant in animals where methylation is erased with re-established between generations. Plants also carry DNA methylation data really well ober generations; it was believed there was not much methylation reprogramming working on in plant germ cells. What we have discovered shows plants germ cells also go through methylation reprogramming and functionally is important.
Analysis – They made the discovery while applying genetic analysis to male sexual lineage in the reference plant Arabidopsis thaliana. This research helped in showing developmentally regulated DNA methylation reprogramming that will regulate plant development which they have been searching for this for a long time. The researcher described that genes can be regulated in specific cells through the de novo DNA methylation reprogramming can regulate plant development. Scientists have been searching for this for a long time.
Conclusion – Additionally, considerating how DNA methylation derived through the germ cells is important for understanding the trans generational stability of acquired methylation changes.