Introduction – The work of feeding world’s population is a big challenge and soon it will get bigger. The food is shared more than 7.3 billion people in the planet and due to lack of availability many got to sleep without food. According to scientists by 20150 the population reach by 9 billion and with changing climate will probably make feeding this far greater number a very difficult task.
Facts and Data – People consume two-thirds of calories from just three crops i.e. wheat, rice and maize and such cereal as along with other important crops come from farming regions referred as “breadbasket.” These fertile areas often occupy relatively small portions of the globe and having limited world’s basket will lead to vulnerable to bad weather. Due to this natural disasters may occur like flooding or extended heat waves can be devastating and mostly during young, fruiting or approaching harvest.
Causes – Other than bad weather worse thing in these areas would be crop-crippling weather in two or more. Big crop failures in two or more breadbaskets could lead to what researchers call a “food shock” resulting in overall shortage. Food supplies or trading will get restricted to other countries of some foods that are now short in supply. Food shortage will get worse and nations’ will have to find new crops for hunger.
Estimation – Once in every sanctuary extreme food shock definitely occurs and that’s once in every four generations of people but the change in climate is increasing the risk that new food shocks will emerge. Soon the temperature of high and low will increase soon and weather will become more variable for one year to the next. Framers will face more difficulty and they are completely dependent on predictable temperatures and rainfall.
According to climate study food shock will occur once in every 30 year by 2050. In short a person born in middle of the current currency will experience two to three extreme food shocks and people from 1950 would had experienced once or none during their lifetime. Making agriculture is one of the best options suggested by researchers to help avoiding food shocks.
Another possibility could be through government on relaxing rules that earmark certain amounts of corn for bio fuel. This will result more corn in someone’s belly rather than vehicle’s gas tank.
Conclusion – Effective ways to combat food shocks might be to cut down food waste. More than one third of the world’s crop harvest is lost every year. Due to lack refrigeration lots of food is spoiled and in other instances, insects mat gulf grains while they are in storage. Now in industrial nations people often feel to grow their own crop because available food looks bad. If food waste can be cut down to half then around many people can be fed.