Introduction- The process of developing electricity from fossil fuel with zero emission technique or chemical winding technique that gobbles up CO2 while converting shale gas into methanol and gasoline. The researchers and engineers from an organization had invented and developed a technique that will be beneficial to the society at large.
Research and Findings- The technology name coal-direct chemical looping combustion (CDCL) was a work and struggle of five years of lead professor and their team works. They have further described their technique as a stop gap for providing clean energy while the price of their technique generation continues to degrade. The process and conversion was done step by step and the process of conversion of shale gas along with the statement of it can be fuelled by coal and biomass.
CDCL works by changing the source of oxygen combustion from the air to iron oxide particles in a high pressure moving-bed reactor. ‘Burning’ the carbon chemically releases the chemical potential energy of the carbon fuel as heat that can be used to power electricity-producing turbines. While producing a highly concentrated stream of pure CO2 that can be used as partial substitute of methane in a stream-reforming process to produce syngas. This gas is a combination of carbon monoxide and stream that can be transformed into methane and other useful chemical products via well-understood chemical engineering process.
Researcher detected one problem with the particular technique that oxide particles had limited lifeline. The particle itself is a vessel and it carries oxygen back and forth in the procedure and it eventually falls apart. It has been compared with the truck that is transporting good on a highway; eventually the technique will undergo some wear and tear. Their continuous first practise didn’t result up to mark but they continued to get the desired result.
Results- Further while doing experiment on their second procedure the team working on it explained that lifeline of the oxide particles has increased from 100 cycles in the original process to more than 3,000 cycles. An increase from an eight-day lifetime to live more than eight months is a result of continuous tests and laboratory and pilot plant scale. They are able to do this by enclosing the iron particles within an aluminium-based skeleton. Coming back to the researcher trucking technology, they devised a particle that can make the trip 3,000 times in the lab and still maintains integrity.
The lead researcher explains his work is a struggle of 40 years and not indented to displace carbon emission free processes. Renewable resources are the upcoming future and they require a bridge that permits them to create energy until that get there. Soon there will be affordable fuels that can be used in the upcoming 30 years and all those wind and solar power will become a prevailing technique.