Discovery by the scientists at the University of Southampton for enhancing the capabilities of an emerging nanotechnology could open the door of electronics for new generation. The development of simpler and smaller by researchers which is an alternative to the transistor using the capability of altering the resistance and storing the multiple memory states by pushing the memristor to a completely new level of performance after experimenting with its component materials.
They describe usage of traditional method of data in electronics has dependency on integrated circuits (chips) featuring numerous numbers of transistors with microscopic switches that commanding the flow of electrical current by turning it on or off. In order to meet the increasing demand of technology transistors have got smaller and smaller but are reaching their physical limit for example the processing of chips that power smartphones containing an average of five billion transistors.
New era of electronics could be hold by key Memristors, available in both smaller and simpler forms of transistors, low-energy, and with the capacity to retain data by ‘remembering’ the quantity of charge that has passed through them. The device has potential resulting in computers that switch on and off immediately and never forget.
Demonstration of new memristor technology by the University of Southampton team is that the device can store up to 128 detectable memory states per switch, almost four times more than previously reported. During the study they described how they reached this level of presentation by assessing several configurations of functional oxide materials, the core component that gives the memristor its capability to alter its resistance.
Researcher, Themis Prodromakis, Professor of Nanotechnology and EPSRC Fellow at the University of Southampton explains his journey for making such device which is really exciting discovery, with potentially enormous implications for modern electronics. By 2020 they are expecting to increase by more than 200 billion interconnected devices within the Internet of Things framework. A huge amount of data will be generated which will need processing.
The device required to be highly reconfigurable yet affordable, scalable and energy-efficient as its is a key enabling technology for next generation chips. They were thrilled working with the leading industry; bringing innovations into new electronic systems that need bespoke customization.