On the global level, practices done in agriculture and the advancement in technology related to agriculture are quite different from each other. Location of agriculture plays a significant role in the development of the agriculture areas. Techniques related to agriculture are improved due to the exchange in knowledge from different agricultural individuals residing throughout the world.
For the advancement in agriculture sector, process of information sharing and the capability of using it made a great and positive impact for masses. Information Technology has become a path for the world. In India, there are various important and basic sectors required for the field of agriculture which includes national security, sustainable development, food security and poverty alleviation. For the country’s GDP, there is a contribution of approx. 18% on all these sectors.
For the basic development of agriculture in India, there is a great necessity in the areas of yellow revolution, green revolution, white revolution, evergreen revolution, blue revolution, bio-technology revolution along with information and communication technology revolution. For the accuracy in agriculture, the field of IT supports various new methods such as computerized farm machinery which helps in the implementation for various pesticides and fertilizers. There is great usage of electronic sensors and identification systems for the feeding and monitoring of farm animals. It leads to the online selling and buying procedure across the world. It plays an important role in the form of communication which is provided by the broader platform known as internet.
For the extension and expansion of agriculture, the department of central and state government and private institutions took several information communication technology measures which include Aqua, rice knowledge management portal, e-krishi, Mahindra kisan mitra, village resource centers, e-choupal, kisan kerela, and many others.
For the transformation of rural India by using various digital technologies, there are some important factors, like:
- ICT helps in providing various facilities for the development of rural India regarding socio-economic. These facilities include education, financial services, health, employment avenues, etc. it also helps in the fulfillment of gaps provided by ‘e’ and ‘m’ services.
- E-choupal is considered as best platform for the empowerment.
- Farmers are authorized for the efficient supply-chain system which enables timely and correct information for the better production results.
- There are also availability of other offerings to the farmers like farm management practices and insurance. It deals on community centric approach basically.